REFERENCES

  1. Forbes RM, Cooper AR, Mitchell HH..: The composition of the adult human body as determined by chemical analysis. J Biol Chem. 1953 Jul;203(1):359-66.
  2. Freitas RA. Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities. Landes Bioscience, 1999 ISBN 1-57059-645-X
  3. Jäger R, Kerksick CM, Campbell BI, et al. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2017;14:20. doi:10.1186/s12970-017-0177-8.
  4. Campbell B, Kreider RB, Ziegenfuss T, et al. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: protein and exercise. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2007;4:8. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-4-8.
  5. Tarnopolsky MA, Macdougall JD, Atkinson SA. Influence of protein intake and training status on nitrogen balance and lean body mass. J App Physiol (Bethesda, Md: 1985). 1988;64:187–93.Google Scholar
  6. Lemon PW. Effect of exercise on protein requirements. J Sports Sci. 1991;9(S1):53–70.PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  7. Phillips SM. Protein requirements and supplementation in strength sports. Nutrition. 2004;20:689–95.PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  8. Phillips SM, Atkinson SA, Tarnopolsky MA, Macdougall JD. Gender differences in leucine kinetics and nitrogen balance in endurance athletes. J App Physiol (Bethesda, Md: 1985). 1993;75:2134–41.Google Scholar
  9. Hargreaves M, Spriet.:Exercise Metabolism-2nd Edition. 2006 Cloth, ISBN-13: 9780736041034
  10. Kjaer M, Krogsgaard M, Magnusson P, Engebretsen L, Roos H, Takala T, L-Y Woo S.: Textbook of Sports Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Aspects of Sports Injury and Physical Activity. 2003 Blackwell Science Ltd. Published Online: 28 JAN 2008. Print ISBN: 9780632065097, Online ISBN: 9780470757277, DOI: 10.1002/9780470757277
  11. Biolo G, Maggi SP, Williams BD, Tipton KD, Wolfe RR. Increased rates of muscle protein turnover and amino acid transport after resistance exercise in humans. Am J Phys. 1995;268(3 Pt 1):E514–20.
  12. Poortmans JR, Carpentier A, Pereira-Lancha LO, Lancha A. Protein turnover, amino acid requirements and recommendations for athletes and active populations. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2012;45(10):875-890. doi:10.1590/S0100-879X2012007500096.
  13. Chesley A, MacDougall JD, Tarnopolsky MA, Atkinson SA, Smith K.: Changes in human muscle protein synthesis after resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Oct;73(4):1383-8.
  14. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA); Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to protein and increase in satiety leading to a reduction in energy intake (ID 414, 616, 730), contribution to the maintenance or achievement of a normal body weight (ID 414, 616, 730), maintenance of normal bone (ID 416) and growth or maintenance of muscle mass (ID 415, 417, 593, 594, 595, 715) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal 2010;8(10):1811. [24 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1811.
  15. Evans WJ.: Protein nutrition and resistance exercise. Can J Appl Physiol. 2001;26 Suppl:S141-52.
  16. Phillips SM, Hartman JW, Wilkinson SB.: Dietary protein to support anabolism with resistance exercise in young men. J Am Coll Nutr. 2005 Apr;24(2):134S-139S.
  17. Cermak NM, Res PT, de Groot LC, Saris WH, van Loon LJ.: Protein supplementation augments the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to resistance-type exercise training: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec;96(6):1454-64. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.037556. Epub 2012 Nov 7.
  18. Pasiakos SM, McLellan TM, Lieberman HR.: The effects of protein supplements on muscle mass, strength, and aerobic and anaerobic power in healthy adults: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2015 Jan;45(1):111-31. doi: 10.1007/s40279-014-0242-2.
  19. Kinsey AW, Ormsbee MJ. The health impact of nighttime eating: old and new perspectives. Nutrients. 2015;7:2648–62.PubMedPubMed CentralView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  20. Trommelen J, Van Loon LJ. Pre-sleep protein ingestion to improve the skeletal muscle adaptive response to exercise training. Nutrients. 2016;8:12.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  21. Res PT, Groen B, Pennings B, Beelen M, Wallis GA, Gijsen AP, et al. Protein ingestion before sleep improves postexercise overnight recovery. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:1560–9.Google Scholar
  22. Pesta DH, Samuel VT. A high-protein diet for reducing body fat: mechanisms and possible caveats. Nutrition & Metabolism. 2014;11:53. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-11-53.
  23. Phillips SM. A Brief Review of Higher Dietary Protein Diets in Weight Loss: A Focus on Athletes. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.z). 2014;44(Suppl 2):149-153. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0254-y.
  24. Paddon-Jones D1, Westman E, Mattes RD, Wolfe RR, Astrup A, Westerterp-Plantenga M.: Protein, weight management, and satiety. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 May;87(5):1558S-1561S.
  25. Turk MW, Yang K, Hravnak M, Sereika SM, Ewing LJ, Burke LE. Randomized Clinical Trials of Weight-Loss Maintenance: A Review. The Journal of cardiovascular nursing. 2009;24(1):58-80. doi:10.1097/01.JCN.0000317471.58048.32.
  26. Treyzon L, Chen S, Hong K, et al. A controlled trial of protein enrichment of meal replacements for weight reduction with retention of lean body mass. Nutrition Journal. 2008;7:23. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-7-23.
  27. Krieger JW, Sitren HS, Daniels MJ, Langkamp-Henken B.: Effects of variation in protein and carbohydrate intake on body mass and composition during energy restriction: a meta-regression 1. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb; 83(2):260-74.
  28. Wycherley TP, Moran LJ, Clifton PM, Noakes M, Brinkworth GD.: Effects of energy-restricted high-protein, low-fat compared with standard-protein, low-fat diets: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec; 96(6):1281-98.
  29. Halton TL, Hu FB:. The effects of high protein diets on thermogenesis, satiety and weight loss: a critical review. 2004 Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 23, 373-385.
  30. Institute of Medicine: Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. Panel on Macronutrients, Panel on the Definition of Dietary Fiber, Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients, Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board. 2005 Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10490
  31. Skov AR, Toubro S, Ronn B, Holm L, Astrup A.: Randomized trial on protein vs carbohydrate in ad libitum fat reduced diet for the treatment of obesity. 1999 Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23:528–536.